Just take a short walk from your holiday home to see how diverse the woods at Springwood are. From towering giants to delicate woodland beauties, you don’t need to be a keen arborist to appreciate the beauty they bring to the surroundings. Get to know some of the trees that make up our woodlands.
These are the cone bearing, needle wearing trees. They do well here because they appreciate the cold conditions Scotland offers them.
Scotland’s national tree. It is native to the Caledonian pine forest and is the only timber-producing coinfer native to Scotland. They can live for 300 years and supports 172 insect species. In the past it was used for ship masts, whereas today Scots pine is mainly used for building, furniture, fencing and telegraph poles.
The name comes from the Scottish botanist David Douglas who in 1827 sent the first seed from North America back to Britain. They can live for 500 years. In the woods at Springwood you will find giant Douglas Fir, reaching up to 50 metres high. The bark is reddish brown and corky.
This is one of three conifers native to Britain and is one of the oldest living trees in northern Europe. These huge trees and common in churchyards and are thought to be thousands of years old. The timber was once used for making longbow and they can live for upto 5000 years. Male and female flowers are borne on separate trees, which is a primitive feature in conifers.
Came into existence as a result of an accidental cross pollination of Japanese and European larch in Dunkeld. Unlike other conifers it changes colour in the spring, autumn and winter. Can live up to 300 years. You will see Larch trees reaching heights of 30 metres at Springwood. Broadleaf trees usually have wide leaves that drop in the autumn.
Although not native to Scotland it is thought beech trees arrived here during the Bronze Age. We have a few giant Beech throughout the woodland at Springwood some reaching 40 meters. Can live for up to 350 years. Supports 98 insect species. Bark is smooth and grey and delicate. You will see initials carved into beech trees for this reason.
Once held sacred by the Druids the oak once formed a third of all tree cover in Britain. Easy to identify due to its rounded lobes that extend round the whole leaf. Most oaks do not produce acorns until they are over 50 years old. Can live up to 800 years. It can reach up to 30 metres and is wide spreading. Supports 500 insect species!
Despite its graceful appearance the silver birch is one of Britain’s hardiest trees. History tells of its scared properties used to expel evil spirits. You can see Silver birch throughout the woodlands at Springwood and throughout the estate. It can live for up to 120 years. Its delicate silvery bark can be used as kindling to light fires. Supports 334 insect species. Leaves turn a glorious yellow before falling.
Once planted to ward witches away, the Rowan tree can be seen planted around houses and churchyards throughout Scotland. Very distinctive with its toothed leaves and red berries you can spot in in different locations on Springwood. It is a hardy tree and is often called mountain ash because it can grow at higher altitudes than other trees in poor soil. Birds feast on the tasty berries (that are rich in vitamin C) in the autumn, especially migrants from Scandinavia. Supports 58 insect species. It can live for up to 120 years
Broadening with age it can reach up to 40 metres. It long straight trunk makes it easy to identify. They deer at Springwood love dining on the sweet chustnuts that fall to the ground in their prickly shells in the autumn. It was introduced by the Romans to produce the nuts for polenta. It can live for up to 450 years. Timber is strong and used in joinery and cabinet making.
The sweetly scented white flowers and smooth purplish-brown bark make the wild cherry distinguishable in the summer months before the turn into small green cherries before ripening. Birds quickly strip the tree on its fruit and spread the seeds. It can grow up to 24 metres tall. Supports 63 insect species. Can live for up to 250 years.